November 20, 2013
by Shashikant Nishant Sharma
Master plan is a long term planning, generally for 20 years. It is also a comprehensive planning for service area as per likely spread of city in next 20 years. It describes all works required in next 20 years in phased manner. The designs and estimates are prepared approximately. It finalizes some of the main parameters so that advance action can be taken (Sharma, 2013).
"A Master Plan is the long term perspective plan for guiding the sustainable planned development of the city. This document lays down the planning guidelines, policies, and development code and space requirements for various socio-economic activities supporting the city population during the plan period. It is also the basis for all infrastructure requirements." defined in Master Plan Preparation Committee (Government of India, 2007).
Master Plan for Dehradun, 2005-2025 is consistent with the provisions of Mussouri-Dehradun Development Act, 1984. Prepared by Dehradun Development Authority and approved by the Government of Uttrakhand under Department of Housing through Order no. 2573/V-(O) 2008-298 (O) 2005) and approved on 19th November 2008 (Government of Uttrakhand, 2008).
This is second Master Plan to continue the planned development of the capital city of Uttrakhand. The earlier plan was prepared in 1985 for the period of 1982-2001.
We find that the planning authority had failed to prepare the next plan in time and there is a time lag of around eight years. This disruption of the planning process sometimes leads to undesired urban sprawl. Although the master plan has some provisions for increasing the validity of the earlier plan, we can find that this leads to mismatch in the actual increased requirements of infrastructure and other services far beyond the projected increase in demand and thus, supply of the urban amenities takes a backseat.
November 19, 2013
by Shashikant Nishant Sharma
When India gained independence, its economy was grovelling in dust. The British had left India economically crippled. The fathers of development formulated a five year plan to overhaul an obvious financial (disability, handicap, mire, or whatever you may call). The five years plan in India is framed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India. Currently, India is in its 11th five year plan. The policies of urban development and housing in India have come a long way since 1950s. The pressure of urban population and lack of housing and basic services were very much evident in the early 1950s. In some cities this was compounded by migration of people from Pakistan. However, the general perception of the policy makers was that India is pre-dominantly an agricultural and rural economy and that there are potent dangers of over urbanisation which will lead to the drain of resources from the countryside to feed the cities. The positive aspects of cities as engines of economic growth in the context of national economic policies were not much appreciated and, therefore, the problems of urban areas were treated more as welfare problems and sectors of residual investment rather than as issues of national economic importance.